Written by Ryunosuke Akutagawa.
When a man is found dead in a bamboo grove, the testimonies of various people are collected to piece together his fate. They all seem to agree on the setup - a man and his wife travel down the road and are captured by a bandit who ties up the man and rapes the wife - but what exactly happened next is anyone's guess as the three characters involved (even the dead man, thanks to a medium) have different reasons for his demise.
It's such a simple yet intricate story about human fallibility and I can see why it's had, partially thanks to the film, such a lasting influence.
My review of Rashomon (1950 film).